Ensuring Respect for Human Rights



 ISSN  2249-1600 (Online Edition)

 ISSN  2231-4296 (PRINT and CD-ROM Edition)

From the desk of the Founder and Editor


Dear Learned Readers,

 The Indian Journal of Human Rights Studies (hereinafter referred to as IJHRS) is an initiative of MANAB, a registered Human Rights Organization bearing West Bengal government registration no. IV 530/2009 in partial fulfillment of its mandate and to promote research in the field of human rights. MANAB publishes this journal on “NO LOSS” basis.

 We as a human being irrespective of our status are entitled to some basic rights known as Human Rights without which we can not lead our life in a dignified manner and that is possible only when we respect and uphold the human rights of each other. Most importantly it is to note that violation of those human rights are rampant and the incidence of human right violation comes into the public domain mainly through media report. But at the same time, there are several incidence of human right violation which remains beyond our knowledge either because they are not in public domain or if known to someone s/he does not dare to bring them into the  public domain. Not only that, complaint is also not lodged in each and every incidence out of fear of being victimized again which itself again violative of human right and if in some cases it is lodged, then in most of the cases not at all  redressed  properly within a reasonable period of time  and even in some cases not all redressed resulting again in violation of basic human right. As MANAB perceived, there are several factors responsible for the aforesaid happenings and amongst the responsible factors most important one is lack of awareness about human right both among the general public and state instrumentalities (except Judiciary) and unwillingness to respect, protect and uphold the human rights.

 Keeping in mind the grass root reality of the suffering for violation of human rights and consequent responses, MANAB feels that our country is in need of top quality and easily accessible journal in the field of human rights for publishing work addressing the human rights issues and that is why MANAB has proposed to launch aforesaid named journal, the online version of which may be made available if financial capability permits.

 IJHRS has active support of Advocates, Law Lectures, Law Professors. It is also important to note that online version of this journal will be launched very soon to facilitate unconditional dissemination of knowledge and information which will satisfy the long felt demand specially for scholars, researchers, members of Bar and Bench, Policy makers, human rights defenders and students studying law and human rights apart from general public. Through its “Double Blind Peer-review Process” and constant devotion to maintain international standard, it is expected that it will be able to achieve its primary objective of becoming a vehicle of quality research in the field of human rights.

 I, on behalf of MANAB, seek kind cooperation of all the concerned in nurturing and developing our IJHRS.

Mr. Amitra Sudan Chakrabortty

Founder and Editor

 Indian Journal of Human Rights Studies


Managing Trustee

M    A    N    A    B

A Human Rights Organization

 West Bengal, INDIA       



Aims and Objectives


The Journal


The Indian Journal of Human Rights Studies (hereinafter referred to as IJHRS) wants to be a vehicle for promoting, protecting and preventing violation of human rights through undertaking and publishing research work. It acts as a medium of sharing experiences, informations and best practices having meaningful contribution in the field of human rights specially by the experts in the field of law and human rights apart from any member of this world inrespective of national boundaries where they live. It also undertakes the responsibility to identify and cooperate on capacity building for dealing with the human rights issues. Its publication is not solely dependent upon the contributors not directly associated with it or MANAB and for this purpose MANAB takes the responsibility of conducting necessary research work through its associates with the help of the learned editors of IJHRS. Hence, it is proposed to take initiative to organize training programme on “Research Methodology” in the relevant field/s. Not only that it has some feature which makes it unique and different from other journal. It is the first online open access journal in India in the field of human rights to be assigned with ISSN, the indicative of quality and standard of a journal. The Involvement of a number of experienced experts both from the field of law and human rights in its “Double Blind Peer-review” process ensures unbiasness and standard in the process of selection of submitted contributions, whether solicited or unsolicited, for the purpose of publication in it. It also upholds all type of publication ethics in publishing it.




Editorial Structure and Policy


Experienced academicians, practitioners and activists from the field of law and human rights are selected as members of the editorial board of IJHRS by the governing body of MANAB giving due regard to the qualifications, experiences and achievements in their respective fields. Stress is given to select the members of the editorial board from different parts of the world apart from India.


IJHRS considers only those contributions which are well written and completely argued with latest and full informations complying with the journal’s in-house policy. All manuscript of the contribution needs to be submitted before the Founder and Managing Editor of the Journal.Then for determining the publishability of the contributions, whether solicited or unsolicited, the editorial board will very carefully review the contents of the manuscrit without being influenced by the contributor’s name, qualification, affiliation and prior publication etc. The change, if there is any, suggested by the editorial board is intended to hone the ideas advanced by the contributor, not to replace them and should not be treated as editorial diktats. The contributor’s reasoned judgment regarding whether the change/s should be made or not, will be respected every time. In this regard the editorial board will send email/s indicating the area/s of the manuscript where change/s is/are needed along with editorial board’s suggestion/s. The decision of the editorial board will be final and no request for further review of the manuscript will be entertain neither from the contributor himself/herself nor from any person who so ever. It invites contribution from the members of Bar and Bench, academicians, students studying and those working in the field of law and human rights.




Board of Editors



Prof.  Md. Momin

Dept. of Law

The University of Burdwan

West Bengal



Associate Editor-in-Chief

Dr. Sanjeeb Kumar Tiwari


Dept. of Law

The University of Burdwan

West Bengal



Founder & Editor


Mr. Amitra Sudan Chakrabortty


Faculty of Law

The ICFAI University of Tripura


Assistant Editor

Stellina Jolly
University Institute of Legal Studies
Panjab University,

Aneesh V. Pillai
Assistant Lecturer
Hidayetulla National Law University


Bhupendra Kumar Verma


Bimal Chandra College of Law

Kandi, Murshidabad

West Bengal


Reviewing Editors


Prof. A. Lakshminath


Chanakya National Law University

Patna, Bihar



Prof. Madabhushi Sridhar Acharyulu

Professor of Law

NALSAR University of Law

Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh

Prof. T.S.N. Sastry

Professor & Head

Department of Law

University of Pune


Prof. Neela Dabir


Tata Institute of Social Sciences



Dr. Anju Tyagi

Associate Professor (Law)

National Law University


Mamata Biswal

Associate Professor(Law)

Gujrat National Law University

                                                                                                                                                                                             Chintamani Rout
Associate Professor
Department of Law
North- Eastern Hill University
Shillong, Meghalaya

Dr. Vaibhav Goel

Associate Professor(Law)

Subharti Law School

Swami Vivekananda Subhrti University

Meerut, Uttar Pradesh

Dr. Kaumudhi Challa
Assistant Professor 
Hidayatullah National Law University
Upperwara, Abhanpur, Raipur,


Advisory Board


Prof. Dr. C.M. Jariwala

Dean (Academics)

Dr. R.M.L.National Law University

Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh


Tapan Kumar Chatterjee

Sarbani Prasad Chatterjee

Senior Advocate

Asansol Court

West Bengal





IJHRS Manuscript Submission Policy



IJHRS considers only those contributions which are well written and completely argued with latest and full informations complying with the IJHRS’s in-house policy. It reserves the right to check and make sure that the manuscript submitted for publication has not violated the legal and ethical standard of copyright protection.


I.                  Style Guideline:


i)                    Submission Head


a)      Article (within 10000 word)

b)      Comment (within 5000word)

c)      Essay (within 3000 word)

d)      Note and review (within 2000 word)

e)      Conference/seminar/workshop proceeding (within 2000 word)

f)    Interview (within 2000 word)



ii)                Abstract:


       Each manuscript must accompany with an abstract within 200 word.


iii)              Form of Submission


a)      Page Lay out:


All manuscript should be MS Word processed in A4 (8.27``x11.69``) size paper in British English spelling using 11(eleven) point Times New Roman Font and double spacing for the text leaving 1.75`` margin for left and 1`` margin for top, right and bottom and pages should be numbered throughout using Arabic numerals at bottom.


b)      Mode of Submission:


All submission must be only in electronic form only at the designated e-mail ID.


iv)                Non English Terms and Expression


Utmost care should be taken in adopting it and if it is already adopted in english, then that english version must be used and if not adopted in english, then must accompany with english meaning and must be italicized.



v)                  Citation style:


Sources used in preparing the manuscript must be cited fully in APA (American Psychological Association) Style employing superscript numbers in the text in the form of foot note on the page on which they occur. A detailed guideline of APA style is available at www.apastyle.org. IJHRS also recommends the contributors to use the free citation software available at http://turnitinsafely.com/citation as well as http://www.citationmachine.net/index2.php  and http://bethelu.libguides.com/content.php?pid=268177&sid=2213159 to cite the sources used.







II.               Submission Guidelines:


i)                    Contact Person and e-mail ID


Manuscript is needed to be submitted in electronic form only, in MS Word document at the following  e-mail IDs putting the word “To The Managing Editor, IJHRS” in the subject line:


a)      manabhrprotector@gmail.com

b)      asc2law@gmail.com



ii)                  Submission Deadline:


IJHRS is a Semi-annual Journal. Each manuscript is to be submitted as follows:


a)           for Winter Issue (January-February): within 15th February; and

      b)     for Autumn Issue (August-September): within 30th July.





Every contributor is needed to submit his manuscript along with the following files:


a)            file containing the body of the manuscript along with its abstract and title but with out contributor’s description;

b)            file containing contributor’s description i.e., name(s), title of the manuscript, e-mail ID(s), contact number(s) and present and permanent address for postal communication.

c)            File containing the scanned copy of the contributor’s undertaking in his or her own hand writing in respect of the originality of the work.




III.           Pre-Condition of Publication


i)                    Exclusive Submission Policy


All manuscript submitted to IJHRS must be original and simultaneously must not be sent to other for publication purpose.


ii)                  Responsibility for violation of copy rights


Manuscript is accepted on the condition that it does not infringe the copy right of any third party and if it remains undetected, then only the contributor will be liable for that infringement and IJHRS will not be in any way responsible for that.


iii)                Copyright Policy


Submitted contribution is considered for publication on condition that the contributor grants royalty free copyright in every respect to IJHRS














MANAB has taken help in developing its journal proposal from Indian Journal of Justice Studies (published by National Judicial Academy, India), ILI Law Review (published by Indian Law Institute, New Delhi) and NUJS Law Review (published by National University of Juridical Science, Kolkata) and the Editor-in-Chief Prof. Dr. Md. Momin.